(Chosen evaluation findings from Fiscal Yr 2020. A lot of this evaluation pre-dates the pandemic. Please go to www.ers.usda.gov/covid-19/ for The latest ERS evaluation associated to COVID-19)
Farm income indicators and forecasts measure the monetary efficiency of the U.S. farm sector.
ERS currents authoritative information on the monetary well being of the farm sector, collectively with the efficiency of farm operations and properly-being of farm households. Inside the September 2020 assertion, ERS forecasted a 22.7 % enhance in 2020 internet farm income relative to 2019 estimates. Over The identical time interval, the median income of farm operator households was forecasted To enhance 7.9 %. Revealed 3 events a year, these core statistical indicators current steerage to policymakers, lenders, commodity organizations, farmers, and completely differents Considering about the monetary standing of the farm financial system. ERS’s farm income statistics furtherly informationrm the computation of agriculture’s contrihoweverion to the gross home product for the U.S. financial system in the Bureau of Financial Analysis statistics for Gross Domestic Product.
USDA funded $287.7 million in the direction ofs 213 particularty crop automation or mechanization tasks from 2008 – 2018
At $64.7 billion, particularty crops comprised one-third of U.S. crop receipts and one-sixth of receipts for all agricultural merchandise in 2017. Relative to completely different crops, many particularty crops are extra Counting on agricultural labor for manufacturing, harvesting, and processing. ERS evaluationers recognized and reviewed USDA packages that acceleprice The event and use of automation or mechanization in the manufacturing or processing of particularty crops. USDA has 6 such packages in the Agricultural Advertising Service (AMS), the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), and the Nationbroad Institute of Meals and Agriculture (NIFA) that funded $129 million in the direction ofs 213 tasks from 2008 to 2018. USDA has three packages in Rural Enchancment (RD) that funded $3.4 billion in the direction of 280 tasks from 2010 to 2018 to assist the digital infrastructure needed for adopting automation or mechanization practices. Every program is designed in A particular Method To understand distinctive goals: funding for particularty crop automation or mechanization tasks Is merely a subcomponent Of each program recognized. The numerous features, origins, oversight, and funding mechanisms Of these packages have implications For a method evaluation areas are prioritized and funded.
U.S. industrial hemp acreage reported by State pilot packages enhanced from zero in 2013 to over 90,000 acres in 2018.
The 2014 Farm Invoice reintroduced industrial hemp manufacturing in America by way of State pilot packages. An ERS report documented outcomes and classes found from the State pilot packages and examined authorized, agronomic, and economic challenges Which might influence the transition from the pilot packages to economically by way ofble enterprise manufacturing. The research found beneath the pilot packages, industrial hemp planted acreage in the U.S. enhanced from zero acres to about 90,000 acres in 2018, The Most very important U.S. hemp acreage As a Outcome of the 146,200 acres developn 1943. However, although the numbers of planted acres and individuals in the U.S. industrial hemp enterprise have enhanced quickly since 2014, and hemp can now be developn authorizedly in almost each State Aside from Idaho, South Dakota, Mississippi, and Georgia, The Prolonged time period economic by way ofbility of the hemp enterprise is not sure.
The Quantity of licensed U.S. dairy herds fell by Greater than half between 2002 and 2019, with an accelerating price of decline in 2018 and 2019, Whilst milk manufacturing continued to develop.
By 2017, almost 2,000 farms had herds of A minimal of 1,000 milk cows, And completely different people farms milked over half of U.S. cows. Twenty-5 years earlier, There have been simply over 500 farms that measurement, and In consequence manufacturing has been shifting to much greater however fewer farms. ERS examined the persevering with structural and geographic transformation of U.S. dairy farming, figuring out the monetary and productive elements driving these structural and geographic shifts, and evaluating prospects for further consolidation. Larger operations understand decrease prices of manufacturing, on common, And completely different people advantages persist. Alalthough herd measurement is A strong detime periodinant of prices and returns, There’s broad variation of prices and internet returns, And a few farms in each measurement class are worthwhile.