Agriculture National Database: Digital divide can make exercise self


Manjit S Kang

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar recently intypeationrmed Parliament that the Division of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare (DoAFW) was going to create a Nationwide Farmers Database or ‘Agristack’, A set of utilized sciences and digital knowledgebases Specializing in India’s farmers and the agricultural sector. The knowledgebase, Which might embrace farmers’ digitised land data, is Presupposed to assist supply proactive and privateised providers to farmers, enhance their income and enhance the effectivity of the agriculture sector. The Central Authorities had shaped the Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income in 2016; it submitted its 14-quantity report in 2018. The creation of a dynamic farmers’ knowledgebase is talked about in Definitely one of many quantitys.

The DoAFW had floated the India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (Idea), which was To hunt suggestions from events involved. Now, ‘Proofs of Idea’ (PoCs) based mostly on knowledge from the federated farmers’ knowledgebase Needless to say chosen spaces have been invited. If any of the PoCs (pilot) Seems to be useful for the farmers, the knowledgebase Is predicted to be scaled As a lot As a Outcome of the national diploma.

Farmers And a few farm organisations have raised objections to Idea, as Tright here’s lack of farmer illustration Inside The prevailing process strain. They’re equating this course of to The biggest method the three farm legal guidelines have been launched final yr, with farmers not being consulted. A proactive strategy is On A daily basis greater than a reactive one.

Ancompletely different objection is relating to the linking of the financing of the states by the Central Authorities to the implementation of the enterprise. Tright here are completely different considerations as properly; For event, privateness of the farmers’ private particulars Inside the knowledgebase.

The DoAFW ought to think about the digital divide between rural And concrete spaces. Based on a survey carried out by the Nationwide Pattern Survey Office (NSSO), between July 2017 and June 2018, simply 4.4% rural households had A Laptop Pc in the direction ofs 14.4% in an metropolis space. Solely 14.9% rural households had entry to The internet in the direction ofs 42% households in metropolis spaces. Not all farmers have a smartphone. Thus, if launched, most farmers Shall be unable To revenue from the purported advantages of the national knowledgebase.

Since Definitely one of many features of the proposed knowledgebase is to double farmers’ income, I would like to Contact upon the report studyy by the Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income (DFI).

Ashok Dilwai, chairman of the committee, introducing the report, wrote on The internet website of the Division of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare: “Pricey Residents, I am joyful to share with you the Report of the “Committee on Doubling on (sic) Farmer’s Income” studyy in 14 Volumes… The above quantitys Might Even be downloaded for consider by all stakeholders.

With good optimisation of an Income Revolution for India’s farmers…”

Volume 8 has 4 sub-quantitys. The smallest quantity Is not any. 10 (‘Hazard Administration in Agriculture’; 124 pages) and The Most very important Is not any. 8D (‘Manufacturing Enhancement by way of Productiveness Positive elements’; 333 pages). Alcollectively, the 14 quantitys have 3,156 single-spaced pages. The Most very important stakeholders are the farmers. How can anyone anticipate farmers to study and digest intypeation from 3,156 pages Full of bureaucratic jargon? Not to mention farmers, I doubt if many agricultural scientists and coverage-makers have study all these quantitys.

In Volume 12 (‘Science for Doubling Farmers’ Income’), the committee said, “On the national diploma, the precedence spaces To focus on doubling of farmers’ income, although Science and Know-how Might be:

a. Farmers’ knowledgebase — as useful in Volume 13, To assemble a dynamic knowledgebase and guarantee focused and environment nice supply of assist to farmers, and to assist specialised extension providers.

b. Credit rating availability — To current gooder safety beneath Kisan Financial institution playing cards, collectively with crops, fishers and livestock farmers, and common entry to submit-harvest pledge loans.

c. Market effectivity — To current market intelligence by way of demand & worth forecasting.

d. Extension system — to standardise intypeation, integration of effort amongst stakeholders and maximise safety To Obtain all farmers.

e. Useful resource use effectivity — particularly To reintypeationrce soil and water management.

f. Sustainability and productivity gains — To reintypeationrce yields and broad-base the production wright hereas suiting regional ecological strengths.”

The intriguing phrase Inside the above assertion is “Might be,” indicating that the committee was not sure whether or not the six precedence areAs a Outcome of they listed would do the miracle of doubling farmers’ income by 2022. How can such a programme succeed when the committee was so tentative in proposing the six precedence spaces?

The committee listed The subsequent 5 as important ‘pillars’ for doubling farmers’ income and sustaining A delicate income progress in The Prolonged time period: growing productivity as a Path to greater production; lowered value of production/cultivation; optimum mointernetisation of the produce; sustainable production technology; risk negotiation all alongside the agricultural worth chain. You don’t want a committee To Offer you such apparent interventions.

Agricultural scientists have regularly Recognized that crop productivity has reached a plateau for numerous causes, particularly Inside the meals-bowl states of Punjab, Haryana and western UP, wright here, inspired by governmental insurance coverage policies, the rice-wheat monoculture has been prevalent for the previous 50 yrs. While prices of agricultural enters have been growing significantly yr after yr, farmers have been getting only incremental will enhance Inside the minimal assist worth (MSP) for The two crops. The Swaminathan Fee made a modest suggestion of offering MSP Of fifty% over and above The complete enter prices incurred by the farmer. This has not been carried out. As properly as, sorely wanted crop diversification has remained elusive Regardless of The very Incontrovertible actuality that the water aquifers Inside the meals-bowl states are working dry As a Outcome of of rice-wheat monoculture.

Merely the creation of a national knowledgebase Isn’t going to double or enhance farmers’ income. Listed right here are some ideas to enhance their income:

  • Incentivise farmers to diversify amethod from the rice-wheat monoculture in the direction of extreme-worth crops
  • Provide right climate forecast
  • Make out tright here ‘climate-based mostly crop insurance coverage’, wright hereby farmers are compensated on The idea of unfavourable climate circumstances (Extreme temperature, floods, drought, hailstorm)
  • Incentivise farmers to type Farmer-Producer Organisation (FPO)-Sort of cooperatives.
  • Buy crops Aside from rice and wheat at MSP
  • Help farmers enhance their ‘Endurance’ So as that they gained’t Need to promote their produce All of a sudden
  • Put together agriculture for unpredictable local climate change
  • Incentivise farmers To not burn paddy straw Inside The sector
  • Implement Swaminathan Fee’s ideas relating to MSP.

The author is typeer VC, PAU, Ludhiana, and Adjunct Professor, Kansas State College

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