China’s Interests in US Agriculture: Augmenting Food Security Through Investment Abroad – HS Today – HSToday


China faces rising calls for on its agricultural manufacturing that it seeks To deal with by way of coverage, know-how, and financial actions. In 2021, China imported a doc quantity of corn at 28.35 million metric tons (mmt), 152 % Greater than in 2020 and Greater than 10 % of China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) estimate for the nation’s complete corn consumption (see Tables 1 And A pair of). 1 The China Academy of Social Sciences’ 2020 Rural Enchancment Institute report claimed “There’s Extra probably to be a grain shortfall of about 130 mmt, collectively with about 25 mmt of staple meals grain” by The prime of 2025.

Diminishing arable land, shifting demographics, and pure disasters compound these tendencies and current meals safety challenges to China’s chiefs. In response, China has launched home insurance coverage policies To promote meals safety and reduce meals waste, each of which have been a precedence of Widespread Secretary of the Chinese language Communist Celebration (CCP) Xi Jinping since he assumed power. Beneath his rule, The federal authorities has furtherly established insurance coverage policies to increase home farmland and harness improvements in agricultural utilized sciences, Similar to genetically modified (GM) seed strains, all in an effort to bolster meals safety.

The Chinese language authorities’s home efforts, however, Aren’t enough To unravel China’s factors. Recognizing its challenges, China has furtherly gone overseas To deal with its wants by way of fundings and acquisitions of farmland, animal husbandry, agricultural gear, and mental property (IP), notably of GM seeds. America is A worldwide chief in all Of these fields, making it A critical buying and promoting companion And typically a goal of China’s efforts to strengthen its agriculture sector and meals safety, typically by way of illicit means.

These efforts current a quantity of risks to U.S. financial and nationwide safety. For event, Chinese language corporations’ acquisition of hog herds in America might save China money and enhance its home performance; however, This May furtherly scale again China’s want for U.S.-sourced manufacturing and redistributes the environmental outcomes of hog waste to U.S. communities. If further consolidations and Chinese language fundings in U.S. agricultural belongings Happen, China might have undue leverage over U.S. current chains. China’s entry to U.S. agricultural IP Can furtherly erode U.S. competitiveness in agriculture know-how that helps meals manufacturing. Furthermore, China’s illicit acquisitions of GM seeds currents a jumpstart to China’s personal development of such seeds, deprives U.S. corporations of income, and provides An alternative To discover vulnerabilities in U.S. crops.

This report critiques China’s meals safety challenges And the method these vulnerabilities drive pursuits in U.S.-China agricultural relations. Particularly, it evaluates the motivations behind China’s agricultural fundings, collectively with challenges to meals manufacturing and related CCP efforts To Reduce import reliance, protect farmland, and modernize agricultural utilized sciences. It then examines The primary areas of Chinese language funding in America, collectively with land, livestock, grains, and related infrastructure, like agricultural gear and know-how. Lastly, the report currents factors for lawmakers relating to further Chinese language integration Inside the U.S. agriculture sector.

Study the U.S.-China Economic and Security Consider Fee report


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