/Guest Article: To Unlock Climate Action Potential, Africa Needs High-Impact Agriculture Investment | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD

Guest Article: To Unlock Climate Action Potential, Africa Needs High-Impact Agriculture Investment | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD

By Nadine Valat

Africa’s potential to deal with the local climate disaster is immense, however largely untapped. Simply assume, we protect the Congo Basin’s tropical rainforest – the second largest On the earth – and its rainfall regenerates land and rehydrates parched soils in nations as far amethod as Ethiopia. Beneath dense tropical forest canopies in Côte d’Ivoire, zero-deforestation cocoa manufacturing generates income for smallholder farmers, protects biodiversity, and scale agains greenhouse gasoline (GHG) emissions. In Sudan, acacia timber current income for Males And women who harvest gum from the timber’ stems and branches, and On The identical time sluggish desertification.

Africa’s agriculture sector can Discover your self to be a carbon sink that takes carbon out of the environment and shops it in soil and biomass.

By way of its partnership with the Inexpertised Climate Fund (GCF) – the world’s largest devoted fund for local climate movement – the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations (FAO) has helped enhance over USD 68 million for tasks like this in Côte d’Ivoire, the Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of the Sudan that construct local climate resilience, scale again GHG emissions, and spur sustainable progress.

Growing entry to local climate finance can rework Africa’s agriculture sector, shifting it from farming practices that drive deforestation and land degradation, to low-carbon and local climate-resilient food manufacturing that helps ecosystem providers, enhances food safety, and ensures properly-being.

Agriculture and Livelihoods are Deeply Entwined in Africa

Agriculture is a essential supply of income in Africa, with 49 % of The complete employed inhabitants Counting on the sector For his or her livelihood. Truly, the continent has the world’s extremeest share Of people employed in agriculture. Sadly, the sector additionally accounts for An monumental share Of worldwide GHG emissions, As a Outcome of of agricultural enlargement, slash-and-burn practices, and charcoal and biogasoline manufacturing, amongst completely different elements. The African continent contrihowevered to about 15 % of the world’s complete GHG emissions from agriculture between 2005 and 2014; on The complete, the agriculture, forestry and completely different land use (AFOLU) sector accounts For almost 1 / 4 of the world’s GHG emissions.

By catalysing investments in low-emission, local climate-resilient food methods, Africa’s agriculture sector can transition amethod from being A critical emitter to turning Proper into a carbon sink that takes carbon out of the environment and shops it in soil and biomass.

Serving to In all probability the most weak adapt to the influences of local climate change is essential. Rural farmers’ livelihoods – and the ecomethods they Rely upon – are threatened by increasing temperatures, altering rainfall patterns, and prolonged durations of drought. Elevated entry to local climate finance currents nations the means to reaffirm and meet the commitments Specified by their Nationwidely Decided Contrihoweverions (NDCs) for local climate movement, To understand the Paris Settlement and the broader Sustainable Enchancment Goals (SDGs).

Addressing a extreme-diploma event on local climate finance on 20 Might 2021, FAO’s Deputy Director-Widespread Maria Helena Semedo careworn that “Resilience in the direction of a quantity of threats, collectively with local climate change, is a key prerequisite for sustainable development, Notably When it Includes the problem of feeding over two billion Africans by 2050.”

GCF Resupplys are a Catalyst for Climate Action

Accelerating and scaling up entry to local climate finance can flip problems into alternatives, helping nations To place the foundations for mitigation and adaptation movement and To Increase their diploma of ambition for local climate movement. For event, as a Supply Companion of the Inexpertised Climate Fund’s Readiness Programme, FAO helps nations safe “readiness” funds To assemble baseline knowledge and performance For prime-influence mitigation and adaptation tasks.

So far, FAO’s quickly increasing GCF portfolio consists of 13 readiness tasks in Africa, worth about USD 9 million. Virtually two-thirds Of these grants are directed A minimal of Developed Countries (LDCs), and two (worthd at about USD 4.5 million) are helping Kenya and Sudan strengthen their respective Nationwide Adaptation Plans (NAPs).

Investing in Africa’s Potential: The biggest method Forward

African nations are rising to the problem of reducing GHG emissions and adapting to local climate change, however They will’t do it with out entry to extreme-influence local climate investments in agriculture.

FAO leverages its partnerships and expertise in food safety and local climate change to catalyse investments in local climate-resilient agriculture that ship socio-financial and environmental advantages and pave the method for low-emission development – absolute musts for a green restoration from COVID-19.

FAO’s rising pipeline of GCF tasks in Africa Helps to: enhance water administration for gooder food safety; enhance local climate resilience in agriculture, forestry and fisheries; and fight desertification by increasing The good Inexpertised Wall – Africa’s flagship initiative to fight local climate change and desertification and tackle food insafety and poverty.

The COVID-19 pandemic has put the spotlight on our interconnectedness with nature And every completely different, revealing that worldwide crises require collective movement on a grand scale. As a Outcome of the Glasgow Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC COP 26) approaches in November 2021, main actors are getting ready To place their revolutionary options for low-emission development on the desk. Investing in Africa’s potential for sustainable agricultural progress is essential for getting the continent and the world on monitor To understand the goals of the Paris Settlement: limiting worldwide warming to properly under 2 levels Celsius As in contrast with pre-industrial levels.

African counties are In a place to take The subsequent step in the direction of a low-carbon, local climate-resilient future, however They will’t Tackle the local climate disaster alone: collective movement is The A method forward.

The author of this visitor article is Nadine Valat, FAO’s Inexpertised Climate Fund Group Chief.